Subject-Verb Agreement

Back in college, we write so many reflection papers, essays, and submission articles. Our grade does not only rely on the substancial content but also on its structure. Thus, knowing the basic of all — the subject and verb agreement, is very essential.

I came across on my high school handouts on the subject-verb agreement and I think keeping a copy here in my hub might just help. This is a version I’ve paraphrased then according to my understanding so it would be easy to memorize. 🙂

1. A singular subject takes a singular verb; a plural subject takes a plural verb.
Ex. John skips meals.

2. The number of the subject is not changed by a prepositional phrase after the subject.
Ex. One of the delagates comes from Mindanao.

3. The following indefinite pronouns are singular: each, either, neither, one, everybody, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody.
Ex. Everyone seems fulfilled.

4. The words a few, many, both, several take plural verbs.
Ex. Several men are in the office.

5. When the words some, any, none and all are followed by a phrase, the verb agrees with the phrase.
Ex. Some of the food was served.
       Some of the children are playing.

6. Nouns plural in form but singular in meaning such as physics, economics, mathematics, measles, civics, news, etc. take singular verb.
Ex. Mathematics is our subject.

7. Agreement with compound subjects:

a. A compund subject connected by and generally takes plural verb.
Ex. My bestfriend and my nephew visit me everyday.

b. Compound subjects that are closely related or that refer to the same person or thing take a singular verb.
Ex. Paper and ballpen comes in handy together.

c. A compound subject involving the use of each or every takes a singular verb.
Ex. Every man and woman has the ability to forgive others.

d. Compound subjects joined by either-or and neither-nor take singular verbs depending upon the nearer subject.
Ex. Either the students or the teacher complains to the school administration.

8. Intervening words like together with, in addition to, as well as, including and similar constructions following the subject do not affect the number of the subject.
Ex. Mrs. Tina Pakan, together with her children, has left for Brgy. Dinaanan.

9. Words or phrases expressing periods of time, weights, measurement and amounts of money are usually regarded as singular.
Ex. Five pesos is enough to buy some bread.

10. Fractions may take singular or plural verbs depending on the of-phrase.
Ex. Three-halves of the beans were cooked.

11.Collective nouns take singular verbs when they are used to denote a unit; they take plural verbs when used to refer to the individual members of the group.
Ex. The family is leaving for abroad.
      The family are discussing departure plans.

12. When the subject and the predicate noun are of different numbers, the verb agrees with the subject, not the predicate noun.
Ex. The ship’s cargo was pineapples.
       Pineapples were the ship’s cargo.

13. The expression the number takes a singular verb; the expression a number takes a plural verb.
Ex. The number of students is big.
      A number of rebellions were on guard.

14. The title of a book, even when plural in form, takes a singular verb.
Ex. Origin of Species is a book written by Charles Darwin.

15. There is/was; Here is/was is followed by a singular noun. There are/were; Here are/were is followed by a plural noun.
Ex. There is a God that sees all.
      There are books that are not worth reading.

Reference: Prentice-Hall, Inc (2004). Grammar and Composition 4. Pearson Education South Asia Pte. Ltd., Jurong, Singapore.

Advertisements

FASTPREP: Instant Reading Program

In the Philippines, literacy difficulty is considered as a national problem. In an article by Pazzibugan (2004), the Department of Education has reported that many of the Filipino high school students are still non-readers. On 100 item competency tests, less than one percent of the 1.2 million incoming freshmen passed the elementary English, Math, and Science and there were less than one percent of the 84,000 examinees who scored at least 75% in tests.

FASTPREP introduces a new category in reading approach named Instant Reading Program which allows children 4 to 6 years old to develop reading skills in a month or less. To identify how their educational communication strategy works, a study was conducted.

Read more.

FASTPREP: A New Dimension in Learning to Read

              Currently, I am working on my undergraduate research entitled “Analysis of an Educational Communication Strategy for Developing Reading Skills in a Month or Less Among Kids.” FASTPREP, Inc. Or Fast Track PROTEACH Reading Program is a Filipino-owned company which offers basic and advanced reading lessons among kids ages 4 to 6 in a month or less.

              Originally based in Los Baños, Laguna (Philippines), FASTPREP has now three other branches in San Pablo, Calamba and Sta.Rosa. During mid-2005, its founders have identified immense learning problems of Filipino school children that root down to their early foundations of reading where they have developed a new reading system program that offers a money-back guarantee – a strategy which makes it certain that the program is effective.

me and my fellow reading tutors
me and my fellow reading tutors

             During my early college years, I have worked at FASTPREP as a reading tutor. I taught kids between ages 4 to 6 and I have seen my students read simple sentences and words in as early as 15 days. Their combination of the learning goals and objectives, the lesson curriculum, the communication approach, the educational media, their physical set-up and time allotment as well as their evaluation procedures have made its reading program to enable kids read simple words and sentences in such a short span of time. Moreover, since this company is inclined in providing a solution to the early problems in literacy, specifically in reading, I got an eye for this phenomenon and choose this as topic for my undergraduate research in communication.

            In two months time, I’ll be a full-pledged BS Development Communication graduate. As of now, I’ll be doing my data gathering and analysis to further validate the effectiveness of the program. 🙂